In 2016, Chile had 5000 new HIV infections. There were 61 000 people living with HIV in 2016, among whom 53% were accessing antiretroviral therapy. Among pregnant women living with HIV, 38% were accessing treatment or prophylaxis to prevent transmission of HIV to their children. An estimated 90 children were newly infected with HIV due to mother-to-child transmission. Among people living with HIV, approximately 48% (43% – 53%) had suppressed viral loads.
The key populations most affected by HIV in Chile are:
- Sex workers, with an HIV prevalence of 1.1%.
- Gay men and other men who have sex with men, with an HIV prevalence of 20.3%.
- Prisoners, with an HIV prevalence of 0.4%.
Since 2010, new HIV infections have increased by 35% and AIDS-related deaths have increased by 34%.
Chile is updating its HIV treatment guidelines to ensure universal access to antiretroviral therapy. All resources invested in the AIDS response in the country are from domestic funding, and only a very small percentage is allocated to prevention.
The Chilean Ministry of Health leads the National Dialogue Roundtable on HIV and Human Rights, which includes civil society. One of its key priorities is the price negotiation of antiretroviral medicines and to ensure the sustainability of treatment programs. The Municipality of Santiago has signed the Paris Declaration.
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